Depression and Metacognitive Therapy

What is Metacognitive Therapy

Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is a psychotherapy that focuses on altering metacognitive beliefs that perpetuate worry, rumination, and fixation of attention states. Adrian Wells developed it based on an information processing model by Wells and Matthews. Scientific evidence from a large number of studies supports it.

In this article, effective treatment and application techniques of depression are explained with Metacognitive Therapy. The information and applications in the content are taken from Metacognitive Therapy for Anxiety and Depression.

What is depression?

Depression is a mental disorder in which feelings of sadness, inadequacy, hopelessness, and isolation interfere with everyday activities.

Depression occurs in two forms: major depression and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia). Major depression can be diagnosed when five or more symptoms have been present for the majority of days at least one month. The persistent depressive disorder has lower intensity symptoms but these are present for at least two years to make up two or more consecutive months in order to fulfill the criteria.

metacognitive therapy
Source: @emi_italy

In scientific studies, it has been determined that there is a consistent relationship between metacognitive beliefs, rumination, negative cognitive beliefs, and depression. In studies with depressed people, metacognitive therapy was found to be a consistent model for treatment.

Metacognition Training (D-MCT) is a new concept in the treatment of depression. The training aims to enable group members to recognize and correct mostly automatic and unconscious thought patterns accompanying depression, in part by following this depressive thought process from a distance.

For this purpose, it tries to inform participants about depressive thought patterns with practical and understandable examples from daily life by using creative and interesting strategies. In addition, dysfunctional assumptions are targeted at one’s thought processes and dysfunctional coping strategies.

depression and metacognitive therapy
Depression and Metacognitive Therapy

Dysfunctional beliefs and cognitive bias play an important role in the formation and maintenance of depression according to current cognitive theories.

Main Topics in Depression Therapy

Metacognition training can be performed in 8 sessions in the treatment of depression.

Main Topics

1- Recognition and Acceptance of Emotions

2- Behavior

3- Self – Esteem

4- Mem / Concentration

5- Thinking and understanding (Rumination-Citation bias-Closing)

Last Updated on March 12, 2022 by Lucas Berg


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